The image form (lat. Formula = shape) represents a concrete relationship between the designed forms of artistic works and their real/natural models and the artistic form.
- Natural form: natural forms that arise without human intervention (plants, animals)
- Artificial form: the appearance of objects that were created with human influence (machines, architecture, etc.)
- Artistic form: Forms of the visual arts, which are the result of a creative design process
Design features of the art form
The artistic form is described according to the degree of imitation of reality, in particular, the objects and their relationships to one another, in the following design features:
- actual shaping
- Matter (materiality, texture)
- Attention to detail
- Detailed relationships
- Object references
Artistic form with an extremely high degree of imitation (e.g. naturalistic representation)
All depicted objects appear not like a painting, but as truly existent with the aim of the observer to deceive ( trompe l’oeil, French trompe l’oeil = optical illusion; Representation in painting, through to the naturalistic e using precision perspective. An object is reproduced in such a way that the viewer cannot distinguish between reality and what is painted. Such illusory images (often particularly elaborately designed oil paintings) were particularly popular in the Baroque period). There are hardly any traces of paint in the execution of the painting. The level of detail is so high that even seemingly unimportant things are depicted in their realistic relationships. With the help of the light-dark or the light-shadow relationship, the plasticity of the objects is emphasized and the two-dimensionality of the image appears to be canceled out.
Artistic form with a high degree of imitation (e.g. realistic representation)
The image appears realistic, not deceiving the eyes. Traces of paint remain visible in such a way that they are clearly recognizable from close up and, when viewed from a distance, result in the realistic effect of the form. Although the level of detail is quite high, insignificant things are only indistinctly marked or left out. The plasticity of the forms but does not really make them appear to exist. The picturesque gets its own value.
The artistic form with a medium degree of imitation (e.g. impressionistic painting)
The depiction of the form in Impressionist painting is based on the natural model. In terms of the overall effect, attention to detail only plays a subordinate role. To make a highly detailed painting you need quality material, to do that, here are the Best of Trim that you can use. With a suitable application of paint and a special color mixing ratio, the impression is created e.g. B. of grasses or leaves, although these are not explicitly designed as grass or leaf. As a result, the painting process remains visible and the ductus is used to characterize the form. Light and shadow no longer reflect the real light-dark relationships but are used for design reasons.
The free artistic form (e.g. abstract painting)
Free artistic forms have no recognizable reference to reality for the viewer, even if the painting is based on existing models. The two-dimensionality is emphasized, the perspective is severely neglected or overcome. The colors appear detached from line and surface and their intrinsic value comes into play completely. Great emphasis is placed on the composition and structure.